HMML Reference Help

Search tips and suggestions

  • The search engine ignores "stop words" such as articles and conjunctions: a, an, the, and, etc.
  • Hyphens and upper/lower case distinctions are irrelevant: anglo saxon returns the same result as Anglo-Saxon.
  • You do not need to use double-quotes around multiple terms ( " " ). For example, search for tinted drawing rather than "tinted drawing."
  • Wildcards such as ? or * are not accepted in this release -- note that this is different from the search engine used for Reading Room.
  • Sort results by AUTHOR, SHORT TITLE, or DATE by clicking the blue column headings. Click the same heading again to re-sort descending versus ascending.
  • Both American and British spellings should return the same results. Please let us know if this is not the case for your search.

Find any glitches in the search process? Have suggestions for improving HMML Reference? Please let us know using the "Corrections or additions?" link. Or you may contact us at HMML.

Using and saving search results

Key: Icons for Reference
Icon Represents
 article from journal (periodical) or magazine 
 book section
 conference paper
 encyclopedia article

You can email any individual record by clicking the button at the bottom of the pop-up window.

If an item is available in the public domain, the record contains a link to the digitized surrogate in

Results are exportable to Zotero by using the Zotero plug-in for your Firefox browser. Clicking the folder icon in the browser navigation bar will open a window containing your search results in list form. You can check which items you would like to export to your Zotero library. Note: if you do not have an active search, you will be offered all items on the current page. If you search, you will be offered the items retrieved by your search. If the results are more than one page, you will need to click through each page view to have the option of exporting items from that page to Zotero.

Please note that subject tags will not be included in your export to Zotero. Also, we recommend you check all of your exported citations. Due to the complexity of the data transfer mechanism (COinS), the volume number for series items, and other data may not be transferred.

If you need assistance with running or utilizing Zotero, please visit the Zotero Support pages or check the Zotero Forum Discussions.

Background and current state of Reference

Reference is based on the resources found in the HMML collection, amplified by other works identified by HMML staff as useful for researchers. Like Lexicon, Reference has been designed to be an expandable resource that will be continually enriched with additional titles.

Please send us your suggestions by using the "Corrections or additions?" link within HMML Reference or contact us at HMML.

Universal Design was envisioned, designed and created with principles of Universal Design in mind for all users, including those with different abilities. Accessibility for users who might utilize different input devices or assistive technology was considered from the very beginning. Part of the goal was to try to make the interface more flexible to be accessible for all kinds of users, especially for Reading Room and Folio. We provided point of need context-sensitive Help on all modules, with contact email available from any page from a contact link in the footer. HMML realizes that accessibility and Universal Design are goals in which we can continue to improve. Please contact us if you have issues accessing our site or if you have ideas for how we might continue to improve our design so that all may participate in using our resources and tools for manuscript studies.

Technical: Minimum system requirements

  • Screen size of at least iPad mini: 200 x 134.7 mm (7.87 x 5.30 in)
  • Up-to-date browser (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, or equivalent) with JavaScript enabled
  • If running a Macintosh, OS X 10.9 or later

Known issues

  • Note: has not been optimized for smaller devices such as iPhones or Android phones.
  • Older Mac OS X systems prior to version 10.9 may appear to run, but specific features such as search and feedback corrections or additions may be inoperable.