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Easy Syriac

Section 5: Mardin, CCM 65, f. 50v (13th/14th century)

Gospel Lectionary with Commentary

 

Mardin, Chaldean Cathedral, CCM 65, f. 50v. All rights reserved. Image provided by HMML.

 

This bilingual Syriac-Arabic manuscript is not easily classified according to a simple Estrangela-Serto-East Syriac paradigm. The only distinctive East Syriac forms are the gāmal, the semkat and the tāw-ālap ligature. (The vowels here are East Syriac.)

Distinctive Letterforms
ālap
  • always of the simple vertical line variety
dālat / rēš
  • of the Serto type
semkat
  • the left-leaning θ type
tāw
  • in both forms that often appear in East Syriac manuscripts, but there is a third type, shaped like a v that hangs below the line (see, for example, the word hwt in the last line of f. 50v, and qrbt four lines from the bottom, but contrast sgdt two lines from the bottom)
  • this v-shape is like that of the tāw-ālap ligature without an ālap component
Distinctive Letterforms
ālap
  • always of the simple vertical line variety
dālat / rēš
  • of the Serto type
semkat
  • the left-leaning θ type
tāw
  • in both forms that often appear in East Syriac manuscripts, but there is a third type, shaped like a v that hangs below the line (see, for example, the word hwt in the last line of f. 50v, and qrbt four lines from the bottom, but contrast sgdt two lines from the bottom)
  • this v-shape is like that of the tāw-ālap ligature without an ālap component