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Jerusalem, St. Mark's Monastery, SMMJ 219, ff. 91v-92r. All rights reserved. Image provided by HMML.


This later manuscript, complete with several marginal notes, is similar in appearance to later, even modern manuscripts . This is due to the kind of ink used, less rich than that found in earlier times, and the kind of paper. The scribe has included very many (West Syriac) vowels.

Tall letters that have a single vertical line (ālap, unattached ṭēt, lāmad, unattached tāw) are often hooked at the top. In addition, note the following:

Distinctive Letterforms
  • in initial position may be very curvy with the top angling back to the right
  • often higher on the left than the right